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Difference Between Affect And Effect: Affect V/S Effect

Similar words or homophones are always confusing. It has been found that even people with very good command over English also get perplexed about the usage of certain words. Two such words in the list are ‘affect’ and ‘effect’ & it’s difference. Most people do not have a clear idea about when to use ‘affect and effect’.

The other day, my fiancé texted me, “Your cute.” I replied, “No. You’re.” Now, she thinks I’m romantic, while I was only pointing out her mistake. Unfortunately, my fiancé isn’t the only person who gets confused between “Your” and “You’re.” The number is in billions. “Affect” and “effect” happen to be another pair of words that confuse most people.

It is quite natural to get confused between two words when their spelling is almost the same except for one letter. However, it’s also true that a lot of English speaking people don’t know when to use “affect” and “effect” in a sentence. If you are a student, and you use these words incorrectly in your assignment, you are going to lose some crucial marks for sure.

If you are also one of them who are still messing up the usage of ‘affect’ and ‘effect’, read this blog to solve the issue. The blog discusses the difference between the two and also explains the usage of the words.

‘Affect’ And ‘Effect’- Definition:-

To use the words appropriately, it is important to understand the meaning of the same. Otherwise, the confusion between ‘affect’ vs. ‘effect’ will never be solved.


This word resembles to the result of an action. There should always be a cause and then its effect. For example: The late night video game playing will have an effect on your sleep pattern. It can be said that when you use the word effect, it should be used as a form of noun. When you want to establish the impact of any phenomenon, then the word ‘effect’ is used in the context.


Affect vs. Effect – Rules

The basic difference between “affect” and “effect” is in their use. The word “Affect” is used as a verb, while “Effect” is used as a noun. So, according to the general rule of English grammar, the positions of these two words in a sentence should be different. However, there are some exceptions to the usage rule for “effect” and “affect,” which we will discuss later in this blog.

What is the difference between “affect” and “effect”? Understand with examples

There isn’t much difference between “affect” and “effect” besides the ones we discussed above. These are two different parts of speech. “Affect” is a verb and “effect” is a noun. Let’s make it simpler for you.

If X affects Y, then Y experiences the effect of X’s action.

If you were wondering how do I remember the difference between “affect” and “effect,” you can now simply use the aforementioned example as a template. This simple example can help you make the proper use of effect and affect in a sentence.

When to Use “Affect” with Example

If we keep the exceptions aside, “affect” should always be treated as a verb. The meaning of this word is to impact or to produce a change in something. Here are a few examples that may help you understand how to use this word in a sentence.

Example 1: Excessive usage of Smartphone can affect your eyesight.

Example 2: Thousands of lives were affected due to the flood in Mumbai.

Example 3: Your behavior affects the people around you.

Hopefully, these examples have helped you understand the correct usage of the word “affect.”

When to Use Effect with Example

Effect, on the other hand, is a noun. The meaning of this word is the result of a change. If something affects you, you are going to experience the effect of it. If you need more clarity on this, just check out these following examples.

Example 1: The excessive usage of plastic is having deadly effects on marine life.

Example 2: City’s air quality improved last night due to the effect of rainfall.

Example 3: As an effect of increasing pollution, the quality of life on earth is deteriorating.

In majority of the cases, effect is used as noun only. You should stick to that rule while using it in a sentence. However, there are certain exceptions to that rule, which you need to know.

Affect Vs. Effect – Read Some Exceptions

Now that you have learned how to use affect and effect in a sentence, you must also learn about the exceptions that bend the standard rule of English grammar. In some specific contexts, effect is used as a verb and affect is used as a noun.

Effect as a Verb:

It is possible to use the word “effect” as a verb in some context. However, the meaning of the word changes entirely. The meaning of the word “effect” as a verb is to bring about. And it generally used alongside the words such as “change” and/or “solutions. Here’s an example:

The CEO effected a change in the recruitment policy.

In this sentence, the word “effect” means to bring about. The sentence actually meant, “The CEO brought about a change in the hiring policy. If you think of using “affect,” (which is an actual verb) in this sentence would have made the same sense, you are wrong. Since “affect” means “to impact” or “to change,” using it in the sentence would have changed the meaning of the sentence.

“The CEO impacted a change in the recruitment policy,” is clearly not what was intended. However, the sentence is not incorrect. Under certain context, “affected a change” would also make proper sense. So, if you are wondering which one of these sentences is correct, the answer is both of them but in a different context.

Affect as a Noun:

The noun form of the word “affect” means emotion or feeling. Even though the word is primarily used as a verb, you can use the word as a noun in the similar way as the following example:

Tim’s affect was sudden and violent when he saw his ex with some other guy.

Here, you can see it clearly that “affect” has been used instead of the word feeling or emotion. If you have used effect in the place of affect in the sentence, it wouldn’t have made any sense.

Affected as an Adjective:

Besides being used as the past and past particle form of “affect,” the word “affected” can also be used as adjective in a sentence. It generally means pretentious, artificial or designed to impress. The word is not generally said to compliment someone. It is rather used to describe something or someone that is acting like it/he/she is more important than it/he/she actually is.

Here is an example of the usage of “affected” as an adjective in a sentence:

Most of my teammates gave an affected laughter at our boss’s joke.

Here, you can easily understand what the word “affected” is used for. You couldn’t have used the word “effected” in this sentence and made the same sense. So, there shouldn’t be any doubt about choosing the ideal word – affected or effected.

Affecting Versus Effecting-Common Mistakes Made

As the confusion about these two words remains, the common mistake that people make is especially in the usage of the words. Most of them interchange the word while using it.

For instance,

Here, ‘effect’ is a wrong choice of words because the sentence meant to state that the knee surgery had a negative influence over a person’s gait. Here, ‘affect’ would have been a right choice of word. The mistake with the use of affecting versus effecting can change the whole sentence.

For using the word ‘effect’ in the same sentence, the construction has to be different. Here it is.

Due to the knee surgery, as an ‘effect’ his gait became difficult.

Here, the sentence reveals that due to the knee surgery, his walking pace became problematic. Thus, it is the result of the knee surgery.

Another common mistake they make when they try to use ‘effect’ as a verb in some of the contexts.

For example- ‘They effected their escape through a rear window’.

Here, the word ‘effected’ is used as a verb. But, the confusion with affect or effect remains.

These are some of the common mistakes that people make with these two words. Read the blog and get a clear idea of the same.

Affect vs. Effect: How to Remember the Difference?

If someone asks you “do you know the difference between effect and affect,” you should not have a problem defining the correct use of affect and effect. However, if you cannot remember the definitions of affect and effect, just remember this simple trick.

The word “affect” starts with the letter “A.” Action also starts with the letter “A.” Action means a verb. You can associate “affect” with verb. If you can remember that, you will be able to differential “effect” as noun. So, it’s crucial to get the spelling right.

When to Use Affect or Effect – Recap Summary

We have discussed throughout the blog how to differentiate between affect and effect. To help you remember all the crucial details about their differences, let’s recap the whole thing.

Affect should be used as the verb in a sentence. The word means “to change” or “to impact.”

Effect is used as noun in a sentence. The word means “the result of a change.”

Even though the affect and effect are used as verb and noun respectively, there are some exceptions to the rule.

Effect can also be used as verb. However, the meaning of the word changes to “to bring about.” Its past and past participle form is “effected”.

Affect can be used as noun, but the meaning is changed to “emotion” or “feeling.”

Affected can be used as adjective, and then its meaning stands “pretentious” or “artificial.”

The difference between “affected” and “effected” is in their meaning and their use as a part of speech.

Hopefully, you can remember the difference between “affect” and “effect” in a sentence from now on, and won’t confuse these words. As you can realise, if you make incorrect use of the words, it can affect your grades, and it can have an effect on your academic career.

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Khác Biệt Giữa Affect Và Effect

Nghĩa của Affect

Affect nghĩa là ảnh hưởng hoặc tạo ra sự thay đổi cho một cái gì đó.

Ví dụ:

The tornado affected citizens within forty miles of Topeka.

The medicine will affect your eyesight for at least an hour.

Winning the swimming medal affected Tina’s performance in school, too.

Mẹo ghi nhớ: Affect bắt đầu bằng chữ A, có thể liên tưởng sang từ action(hành động), mà động từ thường chỉ hành động, do vậy affect là động từ.

Nghĩa của Effect

Effect nghĩa là kết quả của một sự thay đổi (hiệu ứng, hiệu quả…).

Ví dụ:

The effect of the tornado was devastating.

You’ll feel the effect of the medication in the next twenty minutes.

Tina’s big win had an effect on her confidence level overall.

Mẹo ghi nhớ: Hãy nghĩ về một câu có cả nguyên nhân ( cause) và kết quả ( effect). Cause kết thúc với một chữ E, effect bắt đầu bằng một chữ E. Do đó, không chỉ nguyên nhân gây ra kết quả, mà chữ E của cause cũng bắc cầu sang chữ E của effect. Điều này giúp bạn nhớ được từ đang nghe là affect hay effect để tránh sai chính tả.

Trường hợp ngoại lệ

Tiếng Anh vô cùng thú vị. Khi bạn đã ghi nhớ affect là động từ và effect là danh từ, bạn nên biết thêm một vài kiến thức khác. Đó là trong một số trường hợp, effect là động từ và affect là danh từ.

– Động từ effect có nghĩa là đem lại, thường xuất hiện cùng những danh từ như change hoặc solutions.

Ví dụ: The protesters wanted to effect change in the corrupt government.

Khi sử dụng effect trong câu này, nó có nghĩa là “to have an effect on change” hoặc “to impact change”.

– Danh từ affect có nghĩa là cảm giác, cảm xúc hoặc một phản ứng cụ thể thuộc về cảm xúc (thường dùng trong y học).

Ví dụ: The patient had a flat affect throughout the therapy session.

– Tính từ affected được sử dụng với ý nghĩa giả bộ, thích khoe khoang, cố tình gây ấn tượng.

Hỏi Đáp Anh Ngữ: Phân Biệt Effective Và Efficient

Cám ơn bạn đã gửi câu hỏi đến VOA. Bạn hỏi nghĩa khác nhau của hai từ effective và efficient và cách dùng. Nhân tiện đây cũng bàn thêm về hai từ đồng nghĩa là effectual and efficacious.

Effective: có hiệu quả, mang lại kết quả như dự kiến. Effective cũng có nghĩa có hiệu lực (như khi nói về một đạo luật). Thí dụ:

– The law will be effective immediately=Ðạo luật mới sẽ có hiệu lực ngay.

– He gave an effective speech=Ông ta đọc một diễn văn gây ấn tượng sâu đậm nơi cử toạ.

– The effective use of color can make a small room look bigger=Dùng mầu hữu hiệu có thể làm một căn phòng nhỏ có vẻ lớn hơn.

– Effective còn có nghĩa là có hiệu quả tốt. Thí dụ: The less expensive drugs were just as effective in treating arthritis=thuốc rẻ tiền hơn cũng công hiệu như thuốc đắt tiền trong việc trị bịnh viêm khớp.

* Effective = hiệu quả do sự việc khi hành động chứ không phải là do lý thuyết (existing in fact rather than theoretically) theo Fowler’s Modern English Usage (p. 239)

Effectual: Fowler cũng nói, effectual nghĩa là có hiệu quả, không dùng với người; nhưng có điều lạ là chữ phản nghĩa của effectual là ineffectual thì dùng với người được. (A person cannot be described as effectual. But, paradoxically, a person lacking the ability to achieve results can be said to be ineffectual.)

Efficacious: (adj) (có công hiệu) applies only to things, không dùng cho người; efficacious dùng với sự vật thôi như thuốc men hay phép trị, medicines, treatment, etc…efficacious remedy (phép trị liệu hữu hiệu); a drug of known efficacy (noun) một thứ thuốc ai cũng biết là công hiệu, hiệu nghiệm.

Efficient: có nghĩa là có khả năng làm việc tốt (nói về người) như an efficient secretary=một người thư ký có năng lực cao. Efficient chỉ cả người hay hành động đem lại kết quả tối ưu, đỡ tốn phí nhất (best people or instruments with minimum waste or effort):

– An efficient cook, an efficient secretary, người đầu bếp có năng lực, một thư ký rất giỏi.

– Apple and Microsoft are considered efficient organizations=Apple và Microsoft là những tổ chức biết điều hành một cách ưu việt (có năng suất cao).

* Trong ngành quản trị hay tiếp thị management or marketing, hai từ effective và efficient hay dùng để phân biệt mục tiêu. Effective là có hiệu quả trong quá trình thực hiện (làm đúng); còn efficient là có kết quả tối ưu trong mục tiêu (làm nhanh nhất, đỡ tốn nhất). Effective còn có nghĩa là có hiệu lực, nói về một đạo luật. Nghĩa này efficient không có.

Tóm lại: Nếu một người hay một việc được gọi là effective, thì đem lại kết quả như ý, nhưng không chắc là không tiết kiệm thì giờ và năng lựợng. My headache is much better. These tables are effective.=tôi bớt nhức đầu nhiều; những viên thuốc này hiệu nghiệm thật.

Energy-efficient cars: The government is encouraging the production of energy-efficient cars=Chính phủ khuyến khích sản xuất thêm xem hơi chạy đỡ tốn xăng. Khi nói một người hay một vật hay công ty biết tổ chức, không lãng phí thời gian hay năng lựợng, ta dùng efficient. He’s not efficient: he keeps filing letters in the wrong places, he works very slowly and keeps forgetting things=anh ta làm việc thiếu hiệu năng: anh xếp thư nhầm hồ sơ; anh làm chậm và hay quên. (Michael Swan, Practical English Usage, Oxford University Press, 2009, p. 155.)

Như vậy effective và efficient đều có chung nghĩa là có kết quả, hiệu quả, hiệu nghiệm, nhưng effective còn có thêm nghĩa là “có hiệu lực” (như một đạo luật) và efficient có thêm nghĩa là “tiết kiệm thì giờ hay năng lượng tối đa để mang lại kết quả tối ưu”.

* Quý vị có thể nêu câu hỏi/ ý kiến/ thắc mắc bằng cách: Gửi email đến địa chỉ:

Can Triglycerides Affect My Heart Health?

Triglycerides: Why do they matter?

Triglycerides are an important measure of heart health. Here’s why triglycerides matter – and what to do if your triglycerides are too high.

By Mayo Clinic Staff

If you’ve been keeping an eye on your blood pressure and cholesterol levels, there’s something else you might need to monitor: your triglycerides.

Having a high level of triglycerides in your blood can increase your risk of heart disease. But the same lifestyle choices that promote overall health can help lower your triglycerides, too.

What are triglycerides?

Triglycerides are a type of fat (lipid) found in your blood.

When you eat, your body converts any calories it doesn’t need to use right away into triglycerides. The triglycerides are stored in your fat cells. Later, hormones release triglycerides for energy between meals.

If you regularly eat more calories than you burn, particularly from high-carbohydrate foods, you may have high triglycerides (hypertriglyceridemia).

What’s considered normal?

A simple blood test can reveal whether your triglycerides fall into a healthy range:

Normal – Less than 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), or less than 1.7 millimoles per liter (mmol/L)

Borderline high – 150 to 199 mg/dL (1.8 to 2.2 mmol/L)

High – 200 to 499 mg/dL (2.3 to 5.6 mmol/L)

Very high – 500 mg/dL or above (5.7 mmol/L or above)

Your doctor will usually check for high triglycerides as part of a cholesterol test, which is sometimes called a lipid panel or lipid profile. You’ll have to fast before blood can be drawn for an accurate triglyceride measurement.

What’s the difference between triglycerides and cholesterol?

Triglycerides and cholesterol are different types of lipids that circulate in your blood:

Triglycerides store unused calories and provide your body with energy.

Cholesterol is used to build cells and certain hormones.

Why do high triglycerides matter?

High triglycerides may contribute to hardening of the arteries or thickening of the artery walls (arteriosclerosis) – which increases the risk of stroke, heart attack and heart disease. Extremely high triglycerides can also cause acute inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis).

High triglycerides are often a sign of other conditions that increase the risk of heart disease and stroke, including obesity and metabolic syndrome – a cluster of conditions that includes too much fat around the waist, high blood pressure, high triglycerides, high blood sugar and abnormal cholesterol levels.

High triglycerides can also be a sign of:

Type 2 diabetes or prediabetes

Metabolic syndrome – a condition when high blood pressure, obesity and high blood sugar occur together, increasing your risk of heart disease

Low levels of thyroid hormones (hypothyroidism)

Certain rare genetic conditions that affect how your body converts fat to energy

Sometimes high triglycerides are a side effect of taking certain medications, such as:


Estrogen and progestin



Beta blockers

Some immunosuppressants

Some HIV medications

What’s the best way to lower triglycerides?

Healthy lifestyle choices are key:

Exercise regularly. Aim for at least 30 minutes of physical activity on most or all days of the week. Regular exercise can lower triglycerides and boost “good” cholesterol. Try to incorporate more physical activity into your daily tasks – for example, climb the stairs at work or take a walk during breaks.

Avoid sugar and refined carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates, such as sugar and foods made with white flour or fructose, can increase triglycerides.

Lose weight. If you have mild to moderate hypertriglyceridemia, focus on cutting calories. Extra calories are converted to triglycerides and stored as fat. Reducing your calories will reduce triglycerides.

Choose healthier fats. Trade saturated fat found in meats for healthier fat found in plants, such as olive and canola oils. Instead of red meat, try fish high in omega-3 fatty acids – such as mackerel or salmon. Avoid trans fats or foods with hydrogenated oils or fats.

Limit how much alcohol you drink. Alcohol is high in calories and sugar and has a particularly potent effect on triglycerides. If you have severe hypertriglyceridemia, avoid drinking any alcohol.

What about medication?

If healthy lifestyle changes aren’t enough to control high triglycerides, your doctor might recommend:

Statins. These cholesterol-lowering medications may be recommended if you also have poor cholesterol numbers or a history of blocked arteries or diabetes. Examples of statins include atorvastatin calcium (Lipitor) and rosuvastatin calcium (Crestor).

Fibrates. Fibrate medications, such as fenofibrate (TriCor, Fenoglide, others) and gemfibrozil (Lopid), can lower your triglyceride levels. Fibrates aren’t used if you have severe kidney or liver disease.

Fish oil. Also known as omega-3 fatty acids, fish oil can help lower your triglycerides. Prescription fish oil preparations, such as Lovaza, contain more-active fatty acids than many nonprescription supplements. Fish oil taken at high levels can interfere with blood clotting, so talk to your doctor before taking any supplements.

Niacin. Niacin, sometimes called nicotinic acid, can lower your triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol – the “bad” cholesterol. Talk to your doctor before taking over-the-counter niacin because it can interact with other medications and cause significant side effects.

If your doctor prescribes medication to lower your triglycerides, take the medication as prescribed. And remember the significance of the healthy lifestyle changes you’ve made. Medications can help – but lifestyle matters, too.

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